are 7,772 primary schools and 2,408 secondary schools for a total of 10,180 in
breakdown of enrolment is as follows:
Pre-schools — 200,684
Primary schools — 2,685,403
Secondary schools — 2,188,525
total enrolment is 5,074,612 or about 16 per cent of the population of
the 10,180 schools — 128 are “high performance” and 225 are “cluster”.
Cluster School of Excellence are those that have distinguished themselves by
attaining excellence in their cluster — in all aspects of the school management
and student achievement.
performance schools are defined as schools that have ethos, character and a
unique identity in all aspects of education.
have a tradition of high performance work culture that develops national human
capital in a holistic and sustainable manner and are competitive in the
there are Sports Schools — Bukit Jalil and Bandar Penawar in Kota Tinggi, Johor
— which have an intake about 550 each.
the aspects of management and administration, the schools follow the concept of
fully residential school which is equipped with sports and academic facilities.
Jalil Sports School was opened in 1996. Its success in producing athletes for
the 1998 Commonwealth Games led to Bandar Penawar Sports School that same year.
government will build another three sports schools under the 9th Malaysia Plan
in Pahang, Sabah and Perlis.
ratio between schools and students against students who specialise in sports is
far from desired.
National Sports Policy in schools is divided to sports for excellence and
sports for all.
for excellence comprise of national schools sports competition, sports schools
and high performance sports, whereas sports for all under physical education
and health, co-curricular and schools sports activities.
problem is a majority of schools have fields either in deplorable conditions,
reduced to minimum sizes or too small. Some do not even have fields!
2011, Education Ministry (MOE) began the “1 student 1 sport” policy. All
students were to be involved in at least one sport.
problem is students don’t get to pick the sports but are channelled to the
various sports by teachers.
there are not enough qualified teachers to coach?
the development programme are cross-country, standard test and sports day. Who
are tournaments like the Minister of Education League — a national level
football competition, but it is only for a select few.
we need is mass participation over a period of time — not carnival tournaments
— to spot talent.
the high performance schools, 2,061 coaches and 37,339 athletes are involved in
860 district training centres which involves eight core sports — football, hockey,
gymnastics (artistic and rhythmic), sepak takraw, athletics, archery, bowling
there are development programmes in the form of league and circuit for
football, athletics, hockey and netball. These involve only 1,425 students.
cream of potential athletes for the future surface from the Malaysian School
Sports Council (MMSM) sports calendar which involves 24 sports.
involves Under-12, Under-15 and Under-18 boys and girls where 805,088 compete
at district level, 100,636 at State level and 12,154 at national level.
athletes from MSSM competition are then selected to represent the nation at
Asean, Southeast Asian, Asian and world age group tournaments.
for these competitions the bulk of athletes come from the two sports schools.
identification and development (TID) programme is another source of fresh
programmes are conducted at district, state and national level which involves
12 sports where national sports associations (NSA) are involved in the
selection of students to be placed in state and national sports schools.
the effectiveness depends of the strength of the NSAs and their involvement at
2,000 students are involved at national level.
and MSSM are trying their best have an effective development programme to
provide opportunities for all students to participate in sports and training
modules for teachers.
need the cooperation of the state and national associations.
are some associations who work closely with them but it has to be more than
associations have to work hand in hand with schools.
Golf Association, FA of Malaysia, Malaysian Rugby Union, BA of Malaysia,
Malaysian Tenpin Bowling Congress, Malaysian Athletics Federation, Squash
Racquets Association of Malaysia, Malaysian Gymnastics Federation, Malaysian
Hockey Confederation and Malaysian Basketball Association have good working
relationships with MOE.
more can be done for programmes to be more effective.
alone certainly cannot be held responsible for shortcomings, if not enough
talent is not coming through from the grassroots.
TONY is a sports journalist with close to four
decades of experience and is passionate about local sports.